• What is the relationship between belief, knowledge, mythology, and religion? Where do mythology and religion intersect? Where do they diverge? Think about the function of myth and religion in helping human beings cope with change, suffering, loss, and death.
Religion and mythology differ, but have overlapping aspects. Both terms refer to systems of concepts that are of high importance to a certain community, making statements concerning the supernatural or sacred. [ Generally, mythology is considered one component or aspect of religion. Mythos, the greek word, originally meant "History". The mythology of a culture originated as a means of recording
what that culture thought to be the real and actual facts about the origin and existence of the cosmos around them.
However, over time the word took up other meanings. When a new religion overthrew the previous one, the old one myths became legends and began being regarded as false, or as fantasy but with no true historical value. That's when the word Mythos became synonim for "fairy tale".
So, to put it in a single sentence, a myth is a belief --often religious-- that has lost its popularity and credibility.
Religions, on the other hand, we can consider to be active and valid beliefs in a given culture. Nowadays, Christianity and Islam, to name just two, are called religions because they are regarded as truths by entire cultures. But when time passes, they will both end being just collections of myths, and will be replaced by newer religions, just as the Egyptian and Norse religions became myths after Islam and Christianity took hold in the geographic areas where they existed before. ]
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